Breeds of dogs: Japanese Spitz

Breeds of dogs: Japanese Spitz

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Japan.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

The Japanese Spitz, according to many authors, is of Nordic origin and derives from the "Samoyed", of which the Japanese would have tried to create a "bonsai" copy. According to others, Samoyed has nothing to do with the Japanese Spitz, whose remote origins would be common and those of the "German Spitz".

General aspect

Noble-looking dog, harmoniously proportioned with balance and beauty. The ideal ratio between height at the withers and length of the trunk is 10:11. Like all dogs of Nordic origin, the hair changes at least once a year at the beginning of the summer and often also in other circumstances related to changes in climate and / or hormonal activity (e.g. females very often change when it occurs heat and even when nursing puppies). On the occasion of the molting, the Japanese Spitz loses almost all the undercoat in about 15-30 days leaving on the ground large clusters of very fine and woolly white fur, so soft and warm that in some Nordic countries some breeders have collected and used it to make scarves and other garments of extraordinary quality. The part of the coat made up of the longest hairs is instead renewed slowly over several months or even the whole year. Of course at the end of the summer the undercoat grows completely and reaches its maximum development in the winter months and in early spring.


Very lively dog, affectionate with family people, while maintaining a certain confidentiality towards strangers. Unlike all the other Spitz, it is not exaggeratedly barking, unless it has to guard the owner's property (he is an excellent "warning" guardian). The only negative: it is quite independent and not very obedient.

Japanese Spitz (photo

Female with Japanese Spitz puppy (photo

Japanese Spitz puppy (photo


FCI and JKC standards
Males: 30 - 38 cm, females slightly smaller.

British Kennel Club standard
Males: 34 - 37 cm (13½ - 14½ in), females 30 -34 cm (11¾ - 13½ in).

Nippon Spitz Association (NSA) standard
Males: 35 ± 2 cm, females: 32 ± 2 cm

Nippon Spitz Club Standard (NSC)
Males: 33 - 38 cm, females: 30 - 35 cm

Trunk: harmoniously proportioned.
Head and muzzle: the head is of moderate volume and in harmonious relationship with the trunk, elegant. The skull is moderately broad and convex, with a clear hint of flooding strongly in the back. The stop is well defined; the forehead is not too high.
Black truffle.
Teeth: correct and complete teeth.
Neck: robust.
Ears: they are small, triangular, attached high, straight and facing forward.
Eyes: they are of moderate size, slightly oblique (similar in shape to a Gingko nut), as dark as possible.
Limbs: well straight and muscular.
Musculature: well developed.
Tail: attached high and carried over the back.
Hair: straight, long, not hanging. Short, soft and thick undercoat. Short hair on muzzle, ears and front of the limbs.
Allowed colors: White.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, incorrect movement, defective rear end, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, aggressive or shy character, underdeveloped muscle masses, badly worn tail, badly worn ears, colors not allowed by the standard, non-standard sizes, clear eyes, limbs not straight.

Thanks to Marco G. Piasentin - Almarvens Kennel - for the valuable information.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Breed of German Shepherd and Japanese Spitz (October 2021).