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Origin, classification and history
Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 3 - terriers.
The history of the breed, as we know it, begins in the nineteenth century in England. One of the greatest entertainments of that time was the organized fighting between dogs of various kinds. The "Bulls", including the Bulldogs, were among the most ruthless and fierce "warriors", because they were selected for this purpose. Fights were also held between dogs and bears or between dogs and bulls. In those times, an attempt was made to create a more agile and dynamic breed, able to resist fighting and have determination and fluency. An attempt was then made to pair the Bulldog with some terriers. An ideal dog for this type of discipline was born from mating. He was called "Bull and Terrier", and until the last decade of the nineteenth century he was unrivaled in canine encounters. A breeder named Hinks crossed it again with the "White English Terrier", with the "Dalmatian" and other breeds. The result was the "Bull Terrier", which after being subjected to several years of selection became the modern dog we see today. In 1887 the first breed club was born.
Medium-small dog, mesomorphic mesocephalic. Breed of solid construction, strong and very muscular. Compact and robust dog. The peculiarity that makes it unique is its head which is unique if compared with all the other breeds. His expression is intelligent and decisive. There is an identical breed, but of a smaller size: the "Bull Terrier Miniature".
Some authors have called him "the gladiator of dog breeds". Courageous and determined dog. His temperament is calm and not intolerant of discipline. Quiet dog when he is with people he knows, but he also knows how to be a discreet guard dog if there are strangers who try to cross his territory, whether it is people or animals. He is also a valuable friend and companion on whom you can rely without ever doubting his loyalty.
Bull Terrier (photo www.letocar.com)
Harry Potter, male Bull Terrier (photo www.casadevita.com)
Height and weight: in the standard there are no limits of weight and height. The dog must have maximum substance in minimum volume.
Trunk: must be rounded, with great depth. The back must be short. The chest, seen from the front, must appear wide.
Head and muzzle: must be long, with diverging cranio-facial axes. The head must be strong and deep at the end of the muzzle; never coarse. The upper part of the skull must be flat. The profile of the head must be curved from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose.
Truffle: large and black.
Teeth: regularly aligned and complete in number and development. The closure must be scissors.
Ears: small, fine and close to each other. They must be carried rigidly upright.
Limbs: both hindquarters and forelegs must be perpendicular. Round type framework. Of moderate length.
Shoulder: must be strong and muscular, without heaviness.
Musculature: excellent development in all parts of the body.
Upper line: straight and solid.
Tail: placed low, short and carried horizontally.
Hair: flat and uniformly short. Hard to the touch.
Skin: fits firmly to the body.
Allowed colors: preferable white, but also tolerated colored, especially brindle.
Most common defects: light dog, incorrect movement, upper line ceded, incorrect posterior, lack of premolars, deviated jaw, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect appendages, parallel skull-facial axes, twisted tail.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it