Breeds of dogs: Appenzell mountain dog

Breeds of dogs: Appenzell mountain dog

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Origin, classification and history

Origin: Switzerland.
F.C.I classification: Group 2- pinscher schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.

The Appenzell Cattle Dog has the same origins as all the other Swiss Cattle Dogs. Its origins are very ancient. Some even call it autochthonous. Another theory exposes the fact that the ancestor of the Bovaro was introduced by the legions of ancient Rome, in Switzerland, being this one of the many Roman imperial colonies. It has been used for centuries as a herd, farmer and working dog. In recent centuries, this breed was at serious risk of extinction, due to various crossbreeds with local breeds. The first club was founded around 1906 by fans such as Sieberb and Heim. Since then the breed began to be valued and re-evaluated at national and also European level.

General aspect

Medium-sized dog, mesomorphic mesocephalic. Morphologically classified as Molosso-Lupoide type. It has a well proportioned trunk, and a construction of right relationships in all its parts. It has a square construction. He is very muscular and solid. It has this particular tail rolled sideways on the rump. Very tonic and harmonious. He has a proud and attractive demeanor.


Dog with great character qualities. His courage and seriousness in the work are proverbial to say the least. Without any fear he is able to lead the herds and to carry out the commands that the owner orders. Very intelligent and fairly easily trained. Very devoted to his master, who becomes his only reason for living for him. For centuries it has been selected only for work, so the skills in this area are excellent. He is also a discreet companion, who always proves loyal and reliable.

Appenzell mountain dog (photo

Appenzell mountain dog (photo

Appenzell mountain dog (photo


Height: ideal stature from 48 to 58 cm.
- male males from 52 to 58 cm at the withers.
- females females from 48 to 54 cm at the withers.
Weight: from 23 to 25 kg.

Trunk: wide and deep chest. The chest is clearly evident. The back is strong and straight. The rib cage is oval and rounded. The height at the withers is the length of the body in a ratio of 9:10. The kidneys are strong.
Head and muzzle: it is well proportioned in relation to the body. The skull is rather flat, the widest part between the ears, regularly narrows towards the muzzle. Slight midline. The stop is not very pronounced. The cheeks are not very salient. The muzzle is strong, its length is in 4: 5 ratio with the skull. Slightly converging from all sides. The lips are dry and well closed.
Truffle: black, voluminous.
Teeth: complete, strongly developed and well closed. Shears, but pincers are tolerated.
Neck: compact and dry, medium length.
Ears: inserted high with a V-shaped pavilion, the tip is rounded. They are hanging against the head. They are raised at the root and turned forward when the dog is alert. In attention they assume the triangular shape characteristic of the breed.
Eyes: quite small, not prominent almond, dark brown, alive, placed obliquely towards the nose.
Limbs: with strong bone structure. Homer as long as the shoulder blade. Front straight. Hindquarters forming a good angle, with relatively long metatarsal. The feet are short and arched. Feet tightly closed. There must be no rear spurs.
Gait: elongated and elastic, with a vigorous stride.
Shoulder: long and oblique.
Tail: inserted high, strong, medium length. It is well supplied with fur, longer at the bottom, carried rolled sideways on the rump during the action.
Hair: short, well adherent to the body, hard and bright, consistent to the touch.
Allowed colors: black, with symmetrical and regular white and fire machines. A fire stain above each eye is essential. White list clearly visible on the forehead. Black or brown undercoat.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, colors of the coat not allowed, incorrect movement, size outside the standard, lack of premolars, aggressive character, shy character, obesity, head too coarse, stop too pronounced, ears too short, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, insellato back, tail to sickle, broken white list, narrow skull, lack of type.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Der Entlebucher Sennenhund (August 2022).