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Cattle breeds: Illawarra

Cattle breeds: Illawarra


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Origin and diffusion area

Australian breed that was selected, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, in New South Wales. Starting from local subjects, bred mainly for meat, using subjects from numerous dairy breeds, in particular Ayrshire, Devon and Milking Shorthorn. In addition to the country of origin, subjects of this breed have been exported to Central America, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, the United States, Canada, the Middle East, New Zealand, the Pacific Islands, Pakistan, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Morphological characteristics

The coat can be deep red, whole or red with a little white on the sides or on the body or a roan red. Dappled colors are allowed. Fairly light in the front but growing in depth and width towards the rear quarters, giving a wedge shape seen front and back. Well developed breasts.

Productive characteristics

Illawarra cows are excellent milk producers. Many subjects produce over 40 liters per day and lactations for 300 days over 10,000 liters are not uncommon. Good fat content and high protein content.

Illawarra breed cow (photo https://cattleinternationalseries.weebly.com)

Illawarra cow (photo Simon Tognola www.illawarrasaust.com.au)

Illawarra breed bull (photo Gooreen collection)


Video: Dairy Farming in Australia - Bourke Farms (May 2022).