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Typical Italian products: PGI Lusia salad

Typical Italian products: PGI Lusia salad



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Production area

Province of Rovigo: Municipalities of Lusia, Badia Polesine, Lendinara, Costa di Rovigo, Fratta Polesine, Villanova del Ghebbo;
province of Padua: Municipalities of Barbona, Vescovana and Sant’Urbano.


Features

It comes in two varieties: Capitata or Cappuccia and Crispa or Gentile.
Capitata or Cappuccia:
- compact and wavy leaf with full margin of a medium bright green color subject to significant variations in relation to the climatic trend;
- average weight of the head varying from 200 to 450 gr.
Crispa or Gentile:
- bullous leaf with jagged margin, bright light green color subject to significant variations in relation to the climatic trend;
- average weight of the head varying from 150 to 450 gr.

Lusia PGI salad

Production regulations - Lusia salad PGI

Article 1
Product name
The protected geographical indication "I.G.P. Lusia Salad "is reserved exclusively for Lactuca Sativa salad, in the two varieties Cappuccia and Gentile which meets the conditions and requirements established in this production specification.

Article 2
Product characteristics
The crops destined for the production of the Protected Geographical Indication "IGPInsalata di Lusia", in the two varieties Cappuccia and Gentile, must be made up of plants from the Asteraceae family, genus Lactuca, species Sativa, variety Capitata (called Cappuccia) and Crispa (called Gentile ) PGI Lusia salad:
Stem: very short, from 2 to 6 cm, and very fleshy; the leaves of number, shape, size and color vary according to the climatic trend;
Taste: fresh and crunchy;
Essential character: softness, due to the absence of fibrousness, accompanied by turgidity even after 10-12 hours from collection, absence of lignification phenomena;
Plant: the greenhouse product has a more contained structure and is slightly more open than the open field crop.
A) Cultivar Cappuccia
Leaf: compact and wavy, it has the entire margin of a bright green-green color that can be subject to significant variations in relation to the climatic trend.
Average head weight: 200/450 grams;
B) Gentle Cultivar
Leaf: bullous with jagged margin, bright light green color which can be subject to significant variations in relation to the weather.
Average head weight: 150/450 gr.

Article 3
Production area
The production area includes part of the territory of the provinces of Rovigo and Padua suitable for obtaining the salad and is limited to the following municipalities:
- Province of Rovigo: Lusia, Badia Polesine, Lendinara, Costa di Rovigo, FrattaPolesine, Villanova del Ghebbo and Rovigo;
- Province of Padua: Barbona, Vescovana and Sant’Urbano.
Attached (n ° 1) copy of the geographical map with the production area highlighted.

Article 4
Elements that prove the origin
Horticulture in Lusia began in the early 1900s, as an activity that produced vegetables for family consumption, also due to the characteristics of the land more suitable for horticultural products than for arable crops.
A letter from a producer of the time to an ecclesiastical authority describes the conditions of the land in the 1930s, of horticulturists, and of their difficulty in dealing with traders.
In addition, some handwritten notebooks from local producers in the 1930s mention the salad which at that time was used as a term to indicate lettuces and endives in a generic way.
But already in 1933 in those notebooks there appeared the wording "Latuga" or "salty" which at the time as it still happens among some producers today was understood as Lattuga Cappuccia.
The first statistical documentation dates back to the 1950s and coincides with the founding of the Central Fruits and Vegetables of Lusia.
In the statistical data of 1956, salads appear as the second product (in quantitative terms) passed through the structure, second only to the potato.
In the 1960s, some merchants from Lusia, who frequented the Verona market, noticed Lettuce Gentile which was soon introduced in the majority of local businesses; in which, thanks to the favorable soil and climatic conditions, excellent qualitative and quantitative results were obtained, enough to induce producers to start a genetic selection to improve the cultivars and organoleptic characteristics of this salad.
The origin of the product is proven today by the "Lusia origin" reputation, an indication with which the product is also known in markets other than the origin.
The origin is also guaranteed by the registration of the producers and packagers in a special list kept by the control structure referred to in Article 7 who must ensure the traceability of the product at each stage of the supply chain through:
- name or business name and address or headquarters of the individual or associated producer;
- the registration, for each production campaign, of the land planted with "Lusia salad" in the list deposited at the headquarters of the Control Body;
- the indication of the cadastral details of the land cultivated with "Lusia salad" and, for each cadastral parcel, the owner company, the production company, the location, the area cultivated with "Lusia salad" divided by Cappuccia and Gentile cultivar cultivars.

Article 5
Production and collection techniques
SOIL AND CLIMATE NEEDS:
Lusia salad must be grown in soils with loose or frank substratum, characterized by a rather coarse texture that makes it particularly waterproof, and with the availability of water for irrigation.
Therefore the soil must consist of a percentage of sand not lower than 30% and a quantity of clay not higher than 20%.
SOIL PREPARATION:
For the preparation of the soil it is mandatory to plow, for the planting of the crop residues of the previous crop, both of the fertilizers used for the bottom fertilization, at a depth of 35 - 40 cm.
Subsequently we will perform a grubbing followed by a combined milling with rolling to refine and level the soil creating the best conditions for the rooting of the plants planted.
EXCHANGE:
Given the physical-agronomic characteristics of the Lusia soil (good practicability and workability, good rain acceptance and low water retention capacity), no type of rotation is mandatory.
TYPICAL AND SIXTH TRANSPLANTATION:
This operation is carried out using seedlings with 3 - 5 real leaves equipped with ground bread and placed in an alveolar container.
The following sixth plant is adopted:
AMONG THE FILES ON THE ROW
from 30 - 35 cm. from 30 - 35 cm.
The production of Lusia salad can take place both in the open field and in a protected crop.
FERTILIZATION
Soil analyzes should be performed every five years.
For nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium the quantity of fertilizing units to be made for a single crop cycle must be decided according to the analysis of the soil and cannot however exceed the following units per hectare:
Þ NITROGEN = 150
Þ PHOSPHORUS = 100
Þ POTASSIUM = 200
It is essential to draw up a fertilization plan carried out by an agricultural technician, kept in the company and deposited in a copy with the certification body.
It is mandatory to bring organic substance, in the form of mature bovine manure or packaged organic compounds, to avoid its depletion. These contributions per cultivation cycle referring to hectare of surface are equal to 13 tons of cattle manure (nitrogen 50 u / ha; phosphorus 20 u / ha; potassium 80 u / ha) or alternatively a maximum of 2.0 tons of packaged organic compounds (with nitrogen content between 2% and 3.5%).
Given the permeability of the soils, the contribution of nitrogen-based chemical fertilizers must be divided into at least two operations, of which the pre-transplant must not exceed 40% of the maximum quantity to be distributed while the last must be carried out no later than 15 days following the transplant.
IRRIGATION
It will be necessary to intervene, by adopting reduced and constant volumes of water, once or twice a day after the planting of the seedlings and until the transplant crisis is overcome, the duration of which varies according to the time of cultivation and in any case not more than 15 days from the transplant itself. Subsequently, water intake must be avoided (except for exceptional periods of drought) as the presence of a high faldafreatica typical of the area allows the crop to meet normal water needs. In addition, the irrigation intervention performed after the transplant crisis, in addition to being useless, is harmful as it promotes the development of rot.
As for the irrigation method, as an alternative to the localized drop type, it is preferable to resort to low-flow sprinkling which avoids soil compaction. In Serrai the recommended irrigation methods are localized ones: drip and / or hose.
PLANT HEALTH DEFENSE AND PEST CONTROL
A correct application of cultivation practices such as fertilization, irrigation and the choice of nursery material is required in order to allow a reduction of parasitic attacks.
Prodotti products permitted by current regulations and which with the same active principle have the lowest toxicity must be used;
Þ the treatments must be performed with equipment in good efficiency and, in any case, calibrated at least once every 5 years;
Þ weed containment can be carried out with chemicals (herbicides) and / or agronomic techniques (mulching, false sowing).
PRODUCTION AND COLLECTION
The maximum unit production per hectare and per production cycle is:
- Capuchin Cultivar ton. 45.
- Cultivar Gentile ton. 45.
The harvesting operations must begin when the tufts reach a weight of not less than 150 gr / each for the gentle cultivar and 200 gr / each for the cultivarcappuccia; the period between collection and transfer must not exceed 6 hours, while for those who have a cold room, the interval between collection and marketing can be 12 hours. After grooming and washing carried out on the farm, the tufts must be packaged and stored in a cool place.

Article 6
Link with the geographical environment
The production area is characterized by loose and medium-textured soils, coarse texture, typical of the embankment area of ​​the Adige river, which allow optimal processing in any climatic condition, ensuring good permeability that favors the dripping of rainwater.
The surface stratum of Lusia is located one meter deep and is kept constant thanks to a system of artificial canals. The result is an availability of water throughout the year which makes it possible to obtain a salad with characteristics in all seasons which make it typical of the production area.
The combination of these factors reduces the irrigation and consequently the spread of rotting, leaving intact the fresh taste and crunchiness typical of the "Lusia salad", which distinguishes it from salads produced in other areas.
This distinction is highlighted by the wording "Lusia origin" on the product placed in markets other than that of origin.
The availability of water guaranteed by the Adige river, the height of the water table and the latess of the soil, allow the cultivation of the salad also in the summer periods (July - August), with excellent results, guaranteeing its presence on the market for 10-11 months 'year.
Furthermore, during a fifty-year period of salad cultivation, the production techniques have been refined, finding the right balance between climatic and agronomic factors.
Attached (No. 2) copy of the extract from the publication "Cartography of soils and agronomic surveys in the province of Rovigo".

Article 7
References relating to control structures
The control for the application of the provisions of this production specification is carried out by a control structure in accordance with the provisions of art. 10 of Regulation (EEC) no. 208/92.

Article 8.
Packaging and labeling methods
For release for consumption, the Lusia salad which boasts the I.G.P. INSALATA DI LUSIA must be packaged in a single layer using plastic, wood, cardboard, polystyrene and other food materials with the following basic external dimensions expressed in centimeters:
- 40 x 60 containing maximum 12 pieces for the cappuccino variety and 18 pieces for the gentile variety;
- 30 x 50 containing maximum 6 pieces for the cappuccino variety and 10 pieces for the gentile variety.
However, the use of food containers of different sizes and materials in relation to market needs will be allowed.
The contents of each package must be homogeneous and include only salads of the same variety, of the same origin, type, category and size. The visible part of the packaging must be representative of the whole.
The packaging must be free of any foreign body.
On the containers must be affixed the label with the logo indicating in printing characters of the same size and the words "I.G.P. LUSIA SALAD ”with specific reference to the variety (Gentile or Cappuccia).
This logo is formed by the letters "I" (surmounted by an elliptical point) and "L" whose internal sides are concave in shape to form an elliptical frame in the center of which the medieval tower of Lusia is placed in a stylized form .
The external and upper parts of the logo are delimited by a frame on the outside of which, in the upper part in the central area, there is the wording "IGP. At the base of the logo there is the wording" LUSIA SALAD "delimited in the lower part from the frame above.
Logo features
Character type:
Inscription "LUSIA SALAD" RotisSerif Bold cp. 40.9 - Kerning space - 1.55% em - horizontal scale factor 90%
Written "I.G.P." RotisSerif Bold cp. 40.9 - Kerning space - 1.55% em - horizontal scale factor 90% Pantoni of the logo:
Letters "i" and "L", written "I.G.P." and "LUSIA SALAD" and edges of the tower:
Pantone 348 C (ref. Four-color process) Cyan 100%, Magenta 0%, Yellow 79%, Black 27%.
Tower and frame:
Pantone 368 C (ref. Four-color process) Cyan 11%, Magenta 0%, Yellow 94%, Black 0%.
The logo "I.G.P. LUSIA SALAD ”, already affixed to the containers, cannot be reused.
The same elements to identify:
- name or business name and address or location of the individual or associated producer and the air conditioner, - the category,
any complementary and accessory indications that are not laudatory and are not suitable for misleading the consumer about the nature and characteristics of the product.
In any case, the indications other than "I.G.P. LUSIA SALAD "must have significantly smaller dimensions than those used for" I.G.P. LUSIA SALAD ".


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