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Type of protected area - Where it is located
Typology: Partial Botanical Regional Nature Reserve; established with L.R. in 1988.
The Pian Gembro Regional Nature Reserve is located at 1350 m above sea level, above the Aprica Pass. It occupies an area of 100 hectares in the Municipality of Villa di Tirano (SO).
View of the Adamello from the Pian Gembro Nature Reserve (photo www.cmtirano.it)
The Pian Gembro peat bog occupies the bed of an ancient lake of glacial origin. The reserve occupies an area of about 100 hectares, of which 22 are absolute reserves, 8 are controlled reserves and 70 are in the buffer zone. It is surrounded by Phragmites australis (swamp cannucia), a very invasive plant that, in the long run, will clog the residual pools.The lack of oxygen and the relatively low temperatures prevented the complete decomposition of the remains of the lake vegetation that have thus accumulated giving rise to the peat. This fossil fuel represents the first stage of carbonization of wood, has a limited calorific value as it contains less carbon than lignite, litantrace and anthracite. Despite this, the peat was extracted from the beginning of the 1900s until the 1970s with a maximum in the interwar period. The availability of other fuels favored the abandonment of the extractive activity.
The peat bog is the ideal habitat for beetles, diptera, lepidoptera, dragonflies and alpine frogs, as well as a refuge for snipes, woodcocks and nocturnal birds of prey. The black grouse sometimes appears stealthily in the birch and scots pine woods surrounding the peat bog.
Pian Gembro Nature Reserve (photo www.cmtirano.it)
Information for the visit
Valtellina Mountain Community of Tirano
Via Maurizio Quadrio, 11
23037 Tirano (SO)
Tel. 0342 708511